Beynəlxalq elmi jurnal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (elektron versiya)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (çap versiyası)

Beynəlxalq elmi jurnal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (elektron versiya)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (çap versiyası)

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№ 2, 2022
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Peyk təsvirlərinin mütərəqqi işlənmə üsullarının tətbiqi ilə bitki örtüyü və torpaqdan istifadədə baş vermiş dəyişiklərin aşkarlaması və xəritələşdirilməsi (Azərbaycan Respublikasının Şərqi Zəngəzur iqtisadi rayonun timsalında)

Rəsuli A.A.1, Səfərov S.H.2, Əsgərova M.M.3, Səfərov E.S.2, Milani M.4

 

1 Ətraf mühitə dair elmlər departamenti, Makkuari Universiteti, Avstraliya, Sidney Sidney, North Ryde, Wally's Walk, 12, səviyyə 4: aarasuly@yahoo.com

2 Azərbaycan Respublikası Elm və Təhsil Nazirliyi, akad. H.Əliyev ad. Coğrafiya İnstitutu, Bakı, Azərbaycan AZ 1143, Bakı ş., H.Cavid prosp., 115: safarov53@mail.ru

3 Azərbaycan Dövlət Pedaqoji Universiteti, Bakı, Azərbaycan AZ1000, Bakı, Ü.Hacıbəyli, 68

4 Bandırma Onyedi Eylul Universiteti, Mühəndislik və təbiət elmləri fakultəsi, Bandırma, Türkiyə Yeni Mahalle, Shehit Astsubay Mustafa Soner Varlık Caddesi, 77, 10200, Bandirma, Turkiyə

Xülasə

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Azər­bay­can əra­zi­lə­ri­nin uzun müddət ər­zin­də er­mə­ni iş­ğalı altın­da qal­ması, so­si­al-iq­ti­sa­di sarsıntı­ların həd­din­dən artıq ağrılı for­ma­ları, həm­çi­nin bit­ki örtüyü və tor­paq­dan is­ti­fa­də də da­xil ol­maq­la, ət­raf mühit­də aş­kar dağıdıcı ge­oe­ko­lo­ji də­yi­şik­lik­lər­lə nə­ti­cə­lən­di. Bu­na görə də, 2016-cı il­dən 2021-ci ilə­dək çə­kil­miş yüksək həl­let­mə qa­bi­liy­yə­ti­nə ma­lik “Sen­ti­nel-2” çoxs­pekt­ral peyk təs­vir­lə­ri­nin, həm­çi­nin bit­ki­lə­rin (NDVI) və su­ların (NDWI) nor­mal­laşdırılmış müxtə­lif­lik in­deks­lə­ri­nin iş­lə­nil­mə me­tod­ların­dan is­ti­fa­də edil­miş­dir. Seq­men­ta­si­ya pro­ses­lə­ri və eCog­ni­ti­on De­ve­lo­per təs­ni­fat­ları və Terr­Set ID­RI­SI Sel­va proq­ram tə­mi­natı tət­biq olun­maq­la, (OBIA) təs­vir­lə­rin ob­yekt­lər üzrə səmt­lən­miş təh­li­li kor­rek­tə edil­miş, eh­ti­mal olu­nan qay­da­lar­la, qə­fəs av­to­mat­larının Mar­kov zən­ci­ri­nin (CA-MC) mo­de­li ya­radılmışdı. Da­ha son­ra OB­İA me­tod­ları təs­diq­lə­di ki, bu əra­zi­nin er­mə­ni qo­şun­ları tə­rə­fin­dən iş­ğalının son il­lə­rin­də (2016-2020) mən­fi də­yi­şik­lik­lə­rin ək­sə­riy­yə­ti əsa­sən me­şə­lər­də (-4.7%) və ot­laq örtüklə­rin­də (-4.6%) aş­kar edil­miş­dir). Bun­dan əla­və, eti­barlı CA-MA proq­nos­tik xə­ri­tə­si, yaxın il­lər­də həm is­ti­fa­də­yə ya­rasız tor­paq­lar­da (+4.8%), həm də tərk edil­miş (+5%) əra­zi­lər­də nə­zə­rə­çar­pa­caq artım­ların ola­cağını göstə­rir. Nə­ti­cə eti­ba­ri­lə, höku­mə­tin ye­ni­dən­qur­ma və bər­pa la­yi­hə­lə­ri­nə baş­la­ması ilə əla­qə­dar coğ­ra­fi­yaçı­ların, eko­sis­tem alim­lə­ri­nin və uzaq­dan zond­la­ma mütə­xəs­sis­lə­ri­nin ən ak­tu­al və­zi­fə­si Azər­bay­canın iş­ğal­dan azad edil­miş tor­paq­ları üzrə mövcud peyk görüntülə­ri­nin də­qiq iş­lən­mə­si və müva­fiq xə­ri­tə­lə­rin hazır­lan­ması ol­malıdır.


Açar sözlər
: tor­paq örtüyü və tor­paq is­ti­fa­də­sin­də­ki də­yi­şik­lik­lər, Sen­ti­nel-2 peyk görüntülə­ri, di­na­mik və hüdud spekt­ral in­deks­lə­mə­si, el­mi əsaslı OBIA təs­ni­fatı, CA-MC proq­noz xə­ri­tə­lə­ri

 

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“Azərbaycan Respublikasında iqtisadi rayonların yeni bölgüsü haqqında” Azərbaycan Respublikası Prezidentinin 2021-ci il 7 iyul tarixli 1386 nömrəli Fərmanı, 2021, https://president.az/articles/52389.

 

DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20220200080