Beynəlxalq elmi jurnal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (elektron versiya)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (çap versiyası)

Beynəlxalq elmi jurnal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (elektron versiya)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (çap versiyası)

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№ 1, 2022
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Azərbaycanda istixana qazlarının coğrafiyası və miqyası

Kərimov V.Y.1,2, Abdullayeva V.K.3


1 - Azərbaycan Milli Elmlər Akademiyasının (AMEA)Neft və Qaz institutu,
AZ 1000, Bakı, Azərbaycan, F.Əmirov küçəsi, ev 9: vagif.kerimov@mail.ru 

2 - Serqo Orconikidze adına Rusiya dövlət geoloji-kəşfiyyat universiteti, (MGKU), 117997, Moskva, Rusiya, Mikluxo-Maklay küç. Ev. 23.

3 - Azərbaycan Dövlət Neft və Sənaye Universiteti AZ1010, Bakı şəh., Azadlıq prosp., 16/21, Bakı, Azərbaycan

Xülasə

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Məqalədə Azərbaycan ərazisində deqazasiyanın şəraitləri və miqyası məsələlərinə baxılmışdır. Parnik qazlarının atılma strukturu və CO2 – karbon dioksidin, CH4 - metan və azot oksidinin - N2O Azərbaycan ərazisində daimi mənbələrdən generasiya olunan atılma dinamikası göstərilmişdir. Aparılmış tədqiqatlar Azərbaycan ərazisində parnik qazlarının yayılma coğrafiyasını və atmosferə komponentlər üzrə çirkləndirici maddələrin atılma həcmini təyin etməyə imkan vermişdir. Təhlil edilmişdir ki, Azərbaycanda daimi mənbələrdən generasiya olunan parnik qazlarının antropogen atılmaları – faydalı qazıntıların çıxarılması, elektrik enerjisi, qaz və buxarla təminat; havanın kondisiyalaşdırılması, emal müəsissələri, su təchizatı; çirkab suların təmizlənməsi; tikinti sənayesi; kənd və meşə təsərrüfatı; nəqliyyat, saxlanılma və rabitə, avtonəqliyyat vasitələri və motosikllərin təmiri və digər fəaliyyət növləri bir sıra sahələrin sənaye işlənilməsi nəticəsində əmələ gəlir. Parnik qazlarını tullayan və atmosferi çirkləndirən yanacaq-enerji kompleksi müəssisələrinin payı 60%-ə bərabərdir. Son tədqiqatlar göstərir ki, Azərbaycan ərazisində antropogen deqazasiya ilə yanaşı, dərinlik və yer qabığı deqazasiyaya aktiv rol məxsusdur.

Açar sözləri: Azərbaycan, Yerin deqazasiyası, uzunömürlü parnik qazları, karbon dioksidi, qazın antropogen atılmaları, dərinlik, qabıq geoflüid-dinamiki sistemlər


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DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20220100072