International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Optimization of reservoir waterflooding with unstable displacement front

Shakhverdiev A.Kh.1, Shestopalov Y.V.2, Mandrik I.E.3, Arefyev S.V.4

1 Russian State Geological Prospecting University, Russia 23, Miklukho-Maklay str., Moscow, 117997

2 Academy of Technology and Environment, University of Gävle, Gävle, SE-801 76 Sweden

3 PJSC LUKOIL Russia 11, Sretensky Boulevard, Moscow, 101000

4 LUKOIL-Western Siberia LLC, Russia



Non-stationary flooding of oil-saturated reservoirs has a long-standing and durable place as the main secondary method of oil production and maintenance of reservoir pressure in the development of most oil reservoirs. The water injection into the reservoir creates a delayed problem – the inevitable, often catastrophic flooding of oil production wells, provoked by a sudden and irreversible change in water saturation. The theory of two-phase flow filtration created by Buckley and Leverett does not take into account the loss of stability of the displacement front, which provokes an abrupt change and a triplicity of the water saturation value. Therefore, a mathematically simplified approach was proposed at one time, a repeatedly differentiable approximation to exclude a “jump” in water saturation. Such a simplified solution led to well-known negative consequences of the waterflooding practice, which experts call the “viscous instability of the displacement front”, the “fingering displacement front”. This work has presented a novel approach to formulation decisive rules for the first time allowing timely detection and prevention of the consequences of loss of stability of the displacement front and targeted control of the flooding system by stopping, forcing, limiting operating modes, assigning workover solutions of producing and injection wells. It is possible to quickly solve important short-term practical tasks passing traditional labor-intensive incorrect deterministic tasks and complex methods of solution mobilizing the injected water and controlling the fluid production rate, more precisely water and oil on the basis of the discriminant criterion.


Keywords: waterflooding, instability of displacement front, optimization, fingering, catastrophe theory, phase plane



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DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20230200103