International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

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Geography and scale of greenhouse gas degasation in Azerbaijan

Kerimov V.Yu.1,2, Abdullayeva V.K.3


1 - Institute of Oil and Gas of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan,

9, F.Amirov str., Baku, Azerbaijan, AZ 1000: vagif.kerimov@mail.ru 

2 - Sergo Ordzhonikidze Russian State University for Geological Prospecting, 23, Miklukho-Maklay str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117997

3 - Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University 16/21, Azadlig prosp., Baku, Azerbaijan, AZ1000

Summary

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The paper considers the conditions and scale of degassing in the territory of Azerbaijan. The structure of greenhouse gas emissions and the dynamics of emissions of carbon dioxide CO2, methane CH4 and nitrogen oxide N2O generated from stationary sources in the territory of Azerbaijan are shown. Based on the research, the geography of greenhouse gas degassing and the volume of emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere by components in the territory of Azerbaijan were determined. It is analyzed that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions generated by stationary sources in Azerbaijan are formed as a result of the production activities of a number of industries, such as mining; provision of electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning; manufacturing industries; water supply; cleaning of drains; construction industry; agriculture and forestry; transport, storage and communication; repair of vehicles and motorcycles and other activities. The share of enterprises in the fuel and energy complex that emit greenhouse gases and pollute the atmosphere is about 60%. Recent studies show that in the territory of Azerbaijan, along with anthropogenic degassing, the deep and crustal degassing of the Earth also plays an active role.

Keywords: Azerbaijan, Earth degassing, long-lived green-house gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, anthropogenic gas emissions, deep, crustal geofluidodynamic systems


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DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20220100072