International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)


Determining wind energy potential areas in Azerbaijan by using GIS multi-criteria decision analysis method

Imamverdiyev N.S.

Institute of Geography, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences 115, H. Javid Ave., Baku, AZ1070, Azerbaijan:


The paper aims to identify potential wind energy fields of Azerbaijan using a GIS-based spatial multi-criteria analysis method. Also it is possible to prevent material and time loss by calculating the amount of electricity generation through this method. Accurate determination of the areas where wind turbines will be installed is an important criterion affecting the energy production amount of electrical stations. Based on the principles of location selection of wind turbines important conditions such as infrastructure, the impact of turbines on the surrounding areas, proximity to residential areas, the wind regime of the potential regions were assessed. Besides factors such as investment cost, operating cost, power factor and operating life which determine the cost of energy production in wind turbines were also analyzed. The Republic’s technical wind energy potential has been estimated around the amount of 3.000 MW. In terms of location selection principles for wind power plants meteorological indicators of wind potential areas were analyzed by the GIS multi-criteria decision analysis method and as a result the acreage of the most technically suitable areas was determined as 1143 km2. Depending on the wind speed and power density of these designated areas the possible electricity generation amount was calculated as 4.2 billion kWh by modeling through the open-source System Advisor Model (SAM) application. This volume is equivalent to 17% of the country’s current electricity demand. Moreover, the electricity generation value of wind farms will be installed in these areas equals an average of $ 0.037 per kWh, which promotes the widespread use of wind turbines to prevent environmental pollution.

Keywords: renewable energy sources, wind energy, environment, potential areas, cost of electricity



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DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20200100042