International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

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Ecogeographical problems of Kura depression lakes and ways of their solution (within Azerbaijan)

V.A.Mammadov

Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ1143, Baku, H.Javid av., 119

Summary

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There are considered the processes of transformation of Kurа depression lakes by anthropogenic influence and the ways of solution of created ecogeographical problems. Analysis of long-term hydrologic, hydrochemical and hydrobiological materials demonstrates that regulation of Kura, Araz rivers run-off and their inflows is practically stripped lakes of water recharge, i.e. the natural regime. As a result of ecological condition deterioration area and volume of lakes water were decreased but their mineralization and pollution were essentially increased. There are given the quantitative parameters of these changes.

The constructive ways of reconstruction of hydroecological regime of big lakes in the region are suggested.