International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

International scientific journal

ISSN: 2663-0419 (electronic version)

ISSN: 2218-8754 (print version)

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Geological heritage sites in the legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic

Ibrahimov V.B., Kangarli I.T.


Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
119 H.Javid Ave, Baku, Azerbaijan, AZ1143: ibrahimov.vb@gmail.com 

Summary

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The paper discusses environmental legal aspects of the Law of the Azerbaijan Republic “On Subsoil” (Part 1, Art. 7, 25). It identifies the terminological errors made in these norms, and, through comparing the norms with the provisions of other environmental regulations, proposes ways of error elimination. With the view to harmonize Azerbaijan legislation with the provisions of international environmental law, authors propose revising the conceptual basis of the “Law on Subsoil” by introducing the term “Geological heritage sites” instead of the term “specially protected geological objects”. Providing explanation of the newly proposed term, the paper suggests new versions of the respective norms to be revised as de lege ferenda. The paper also reviews the Law of Azerbaijan Republic "On Specially Protected Natural Areas and Objects", and singles out a gap in the definition of the concept of "specially protected natural areas" (Part 1, Article 1). As per the authors’ opinion, these gaps could have emerged due to the absence of the term "plots of the subsoil" and failure to include such plots from the scope of coverage of the discussed law. In order to fill in the identified gap, the authors suggest new definitions of terms “specially protected nature territories” and “conservative protection of subsoil”, to be introduced to the Law on the basis of de lege ferenda.

Keywords: Law of the Azerbaijan Republic “On Subsoil”, Law of Azerbaijan Republic "On Specially
Protected Natural Areas and Objects", environmental regulations, subsoil plots, geological heritage sites


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DOI: 10.33677/ggianas20220100078