№ 1, 2019

Results of archaeo-geophysical methods on Alkhantepe archeological monument (Azerbaijan territory)

Safarov R.T.¹, Akhundov T.I.², Zamanova A.H.¹, Aliyev Ch.S.¹, Sharifova A.T.¹, Abdullayev A.N.², Bagirli R.J.¹

1 – Geology and Geophysics Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Science 119, H. Javid Ave., Baku, Azerbaijan, AZ1143: rafiqsafarov@gmail.com

2 – Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences 115, H. Javid Ave., Baku, Azerbaijan, AZ1073: tufan_akhundov@mail.ru

Summary. Studying of archaeological sites in the fields of oil and gas pipeline routes, buildings and oil terminals is very important in Azerbaijan. The application of geophysical methods is based on the preliminary detection and investigation of important archeological objects that can be damaged by oil and gas pipelines, oil and gas fields, and construction sites. The application of these methods in our country can extend search opportunities for archaeologists, on the other hand, it could help to take into account the existing archeological monuments in the area and suggest possible adjustments for the planning stage of the industrial operations (such as oil and gas pipelines, oil and gas terminals, oil wells, etc.) and help to take preventive measures. A series of geophysical investigations have been tested in the Alkhantepe archeological zone of Azerbaijan for the purpose of developing the method and technology for the application of geophysics of small depths in the discovery and initial investigation of archaeological monuments. The sensitivity of the archaeological methods used to detect various types of objects was taken into consideration and the reliability of the results was examined on the Alkhantepe archaeological monument and the three-dimensional space and time models of the archeological object were compiled. To identify the topology of the area high-precision surveying has been applied to the area as well as high-precision gravitational field measurements were performed for determination of possible archaeological sites (cavities, fractures, etc.), natural radio-based background of the area and detection of abnormal zones associated with it were performed with pedestrian gamma-planning method.

Keywords: archeo-geophysical methods, Alkhantepe, preventive archeology, gamma-ray surveying

 

REFERENCES

Akhundov T.I. The South Caucasus on the threshold of the metal age. Context and connection: essays on the archaeology of the ancient Near East in honour of Antonio Sagona (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta). Peeters Publishers. Hard-cover, 2018, pp. 49-77.

Akhundov T.I. 20 days in Astara. Baku, 2009, 112 p. (in Azerbaijani).

Akhundov T I. Alkhantepe – an early bronze age settlement in Azerbaijan. Transactions of the Institute of the history of material culture, № 10, St.-Petersburg, 2014, pp. 78-92 (in Russian).

Clark A. Seeing beneath the soil. Prospecting methods in archaeology. ISBN 0-415-21440-8. B.T.Batsford Ltd. London, 1990, 196 p.

Jafarov A. Preliminary results of Paleolithic archeological expeditions. Archeological researches in Azerbaijan, 2001. Baku, 2002, pp. 25-28 (in Azerbaijani).

Makhmudov F. Culture of southeastern Azerbaijan in the Bronze Age and early Iron Age. Nafta-Press. Baku, 2008, 216 p. (in Russian).

Martynov A.I., Sher Ya.A. Geophysical methods in architectural-archaeological researches. Research problems of architectural monuments. Moscow, 1990, pp. 102-113 (in Russian).

Mirzazadeh A.A. Mughan material-cultural monuments. Nargiz. Baku, 2016, 160 p. (in Azerbaijani).
Prudkina M.I., Shashkin V.L. Handbook of radiometric survey and radiometric analysis. Energoatomizdat. Moscow, 1984, 168 p. (in Russian).

Radiation safety norms. SanPiN 2.6.1.2523-09. RTN 99/2009 FCH and E. Moscow, 2009, 106 p. (in Russian).

Temporary methodological guidelines for pedestrian gamma-survey in radiation study of urbanized areas. 1986, 17 p. (in Russian).

 

Download the paper

DOI:10.33677/ggianas20190100023

JOURNAL ARCHIVE