№ 1, 2018

The investigation of accessory mineralization of mud volcanoes salse breccia in Azerbaijan – one of the directions of their genesis studying

Ye.F.Shnyukov¹, Ad.A.Aliyev²

1 – State Scientific Institution “Center for Problems of Marine Geology,
geoecology and sedimentary ore formation National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”01601, Kiev-54, st. Oles Gonchar 55 b

2 – Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ1143, Baku, H.Javid av., 119

The unusual mineralogical composition of the accessory minerals of the salse breccia of mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan, in particular the presence of self-originated minerals (gold, gold copper, iron, nickel, chromium, silver, and tin), many unusual sulphides, oxides and others were considered in the article. In addition to, the isolation of unusual forms of many minerals, including self-originated iron, wustite, hematite is mentioned. They form hollow, small blobs, some other elements – copper, lead, zinc, hematite, melted purified fragments of salse breccia of separate small druses, natural lime and other in the composition of breccia. All these facts are considered as signs of the effect of deep fluids on the salse breccia of mud volcanoes.