№ 1, 2018

Tendencies of change in the hydrometeorological regime of Caspian Sea Baku archipelago against the background of climate change

R.M.Mammadov, Z.S.Allakhverdiyev

Institute of Geography named after acad. H.Aliyev of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ1143, Baku, H.Javid av., 115

In the article on the observation materials, at 4 hydro-meteorological stations for the period of 1991-2012 there were studied hydro-meteorological conditions of the water area of the Baku archipelago: the temperature of the air and water surface, precipitations, flows, wind and mode of waving.

The research has shown that, for the considered period it was observed a decrease in the average annual wind speed and increase of the amount of atmospheric precipitations, the air temperature and the water surface. At the surface, middle and bottom layers it was observed southern currents with the average annual speeds of 2.8, 5.2, 5.7 respectively. In the water area there took place the northern, southern and south-western waves out of which 92,7% had the wave heights of 0,1-3 м, but 0,04% had the wave heights of 3,1-5,0 meters.

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